India is constructing a 90 billion dollar Mega Project which is an industrial corridor between New Delhi and Mumbai, which will boost India’s economy and transform small local economies. The Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor was first introduced in 2006 during the preparation for the 2008 Beijing Olympics to feed the infrastructure requirements for the games. India’s iron ore exports were shifted from japan to china. Efforts were made to obtain ore for Japan from other areas of India. However, due to the non-existent infrastructure, it was logistically difficult and not cost-effective to solve this problem for future cases.
The then Japanese ambassador to India raised to the idea of an efficient freight corridor in India similar to the Tokyo-Osaka corridor in Japan. The idea gained support and in December 2006, the Japanese and Indian governments signed a memorandum of understanding(MoU) initiating the project. The Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor or DMIC will be 1483 kilometers long, connecting New Delhi, India’s national capital to Mumbai, its financial hub, and the largest port city.
Industrial Sectors and Investment Regions
The corridor will have 24 investment in industrial sectors, with the investment regions being a minimum of 200 square kilometers and the industrial sectors being a minimum of 100 square kilometers. There will be eight new industrial smart cities, two brand new international airports, an eight lane highway, two mass transit bus systems, and India’s first high-speed rail line, several power projects, and three logistics hubs.
These investments will be spread along the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor or WDFC a massive freight train route that will serve as the corridor’s backbone. There will also be numerous smaller rail linkages, feeding into the larger freight line. India hopes that the DMIC will serve as a high-tech industrial zone, providing 3 million new jobs and increasing the share of manufacturing in the Indian GDP to 25% by 2025.
For reference, in 2018 manufacturing contributed to only 14.8%. The DMIC will be 90% funded through public-private partnerships with companies investing in land and projects that will appreciate in value the other 10% will come from foreign investment. Japan has already loaned 4.5 billion dollars. The DMIC will spread across six states as well as Delhi.
1. Uttar Pradesh -> One investment region and one industrial area, both within 80 kilometers of New Delhi, along with three 500 megawatt power plant and a smart city in Noida, which will have a logistics sub and a new international airport.
2. Haryana -> Two investment regions and two industrial areas. In addition, there will be a smart city along with a rapid transit bus system in Gurugram.
3. Rajasthan -> Two investment regions and three industrial areas: a smart city with a logistics hub and the Bhiwadi dry port and logistics hub.
4. Madhya Pradesh -> Two investment regions and two industrial areas, along with a smart city called Vikram industrial township outside of Ujjain.
5. Gujarat -> Two investment regions and three industrial areas: a rapid transit bus system in Ahmadabad and the largest new city in India called Dholera. Dholera will be a massive brand new smart city that will cover 920 square kilometers and includes one of the corridor’s new international airport.
6. Maharashtra -> Two investment regions and two industrial areas, including the digiport industrial area, along with three new smart cities, including the Aurangabad industrial city, a green smart city that will cover 40 square kilometers.
The eight-lane 15 billion dollar Delhi-Mumbai expressway, will connect the two Megacities, reducing the current 24-hour travel time to a mere 12 hours. In addition, a recently approved 17 billion high-speed rail line will connect Mumbai and Ahmadabad. It will be India’s first high-speed rail line since the MoU in 2006. The corridor has progressed significantly in 2007 during the then Prime Minister of Japan Abe Shinzo’s visit to India. He and the then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh were presented with the final project concept.
In 2008, the DMIC development corporation, a government-owned company in charge of establishing and promoting the corridor, was founded in 2011. The project was officially approved since then. Construction has started on many projects as of September 2020. The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor was 56% finished. It is on track for completion in December 2021.
The 1250 kilometer Mumbai Delhi expressway, is under construction and is expected to be completed by 2023. Since 2016, the Aurangabad industrial city has been under construction. Satellite footage from 2019 reveals the 4.5 square kilometers first phase, with many roads constructed, on September 7th, 2019 Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the city. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has set aside 5 square kilometers for Vikram smart city between Ujjain and Dewas.
Footage from June 2020 reveals finished roads, a water treatment plant, a sewage treatment plant, an electric substation, and a water tower. Once these utilities are complete, residential buildings will be constructed. The Greater Noida integrated industrial township near New Delhi is being developed. It will have many high-tech industries and residential areas. Lastly, the Dholera smart city is also being developed. The first phases of all these new cities have received over 2 billion dollars in investment and are planned to be completed by 2025.
Learn more here : WIKIPEDIA PAGE OF THE PROJECT.
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